Difference between pages "CGS gate sequencer CV adapter" and "Template:Simple electronics navbox"

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|name = Elementary electronics for synth DIY
'''CGS42''' the '''CGS gate sequencer CV adapter''' is an addition to the obsolete CGS07 [[CGS gate sequencer (obsolete)|gate sequencer]], (superseded by the CGS89 [[CGS gate sequencer|gate sequencer]]), converting it to a traditional eight-step control voltage sequencer.
|title = Elementary electronics for synth DIY
|state = Expanded
It simply adds a single channel no-nonsense 8 step analog output. Additional boards can be added to increase the number of channels as desired. The pots are assigned to a particular step during construction, so the board can be mounted either vertically or horizontally as required.
|listclass = hlist
|group1 = Units and symbols
All clocking, sequence length and reset functions etc. are handled by the main gate sequencer board.
|list1 = [[Abbreviations and conventions]] &middot; [[Current]] &middot; [[Voltage]] &middot; [[Decibel]] &middot; [[Impedance]] &middot; [[Reactance]] &middot; [[Q]]
|group2 = Components
While untested, the module should work on +/-12 volts.
|list2 = [[Circuit symbols]] &middot; [[Passive components]] &middot; [[Meters]] &middot; [[Semiconductors]] &middot; [[Op-amps]] &middot; [[Integrated circuits]]
|group3 = Circuit theory
== A little on how it works ==
|list3 = [[Conductors]] &middot; [[Ohm's law]] &middot; [[Power]] &middot; [[Resistance]] &middot; [[Alternating current]] &middot; [[Waveforms]]
[[File:cgs_schem_cgs42_cv_adapter.gif|thumb|center|500px|The schematic of the core of the CV Adapter.]]
|group4 = Circuits
To avoid overloading them, each of the column drives from the Gate Sequencer is buffered by a general purpose NPN transistor such as a BC547 or 2N3904 wired as an emitter follower. The buffered column drives are used to apply a voltage across each of the pots in sequence. The wiper of each pot picks up the reduced voltage, which is then fed into a non-inverting mixer based around a dual op-amp.
|list4 = [[Power Supply]] &middot; [[Amplifier]] &middot; [[Oscillator]] &middot; [[Filter]] ·
|group5 = Digital
As only one put has a voltage across it at any time, only one voltage is fed into the mixer. The remaining inputs are all at 0 volts, and as such have no effect on the summed output.
|list5 = [[Logic]] · [[DSP]] &middot; [[Microprocessors]]
|group6 = Workshop practice
This board could of course be connected to other signal sources if desired, or even used as a small mixer, if the transistors were omitted and the input signals were fed directly into the pots.
|list6 = [[Tools]] &middot; [[Test equipment]] &middot; [[Electronic design automation]] &middot; [[PCB prototyping]] &middot; [[Soldering]] &middot; [[Carpentry]] &middot; [[Metal-work]]
== Construction ==
[[File:cgs_pcb_cgs42_cv_adapter.gif|thumb|center|400px|The component overlay. Connections can be determined from the circuit diagram.]]
Before you start assembly, check the board for etching faults. Look for any shorts between tracks, or open circuits due to over etching. Take this opportunity to sand the edges of the board if needed, removing any splinters or rough edges. (Note that on the first run of PCBs a corner hole is missing. I don't know why - it was on the artwork.)
When you are happy with the printed circuit board, construction can proceed as normal, starting with the resistors first, followed by the IC socket if used, then moving onto the taller components.
Take particular care with the orientation of the polarized components such as electrolytics, diodes, transistors and ICs.
When inserting ICs into sockets, take care not to accidentally bend any of the pins under the chip. Also, make sure the notch on the chip is aligned with the notch marked on the PCB overlay.
The order the pots will be sequenced is indicated by a small number in the middle of the overlay for each pot. It follows left to right, with no consideration for the vertical offset. This way, each gate sequencer column can be represented by a vertical line. If you would prefer a different arrangement, the wires connecting the "C" pads on this board to the main gate sequencer can be shuffled as required.
There is no power input jack on this board, as it is designed to be jumpered directly to the host gate sequencer board. You will find you need to run a negative feed to the gate sequencer board if one is not already present.
[[File:cgs_wire_cgs42_cv_adapter.gif|thumb|center|350px|An example of hard wiring the CV Adapter to the gate sequencer board.]]
== Parts list ==
This is a guide only. Parts needed will vary with individual constructor's needs.
{| style="border:1px solid #BBB;"
| Part||align=right|Quantity
! colspan="2" align=center|Capacitors
| 100n||align=right|1
| 10uF Tant||align=right|1
! colspan="2" align=center|Resistors
| 1k||align=right|1
| 33k||align=right|1
| 100k||align=right|10
| 10k lin pot||align=right|8
! colspan="2" align=center|Semi's
| TL072||align=right|1
| BC547||align=right|8
! colspan="2" align=center|Misc
| CGS42 PCB||align=right|1
=== Notes ===
* PCB is 3.8" x 2.3" with 3mm mounting holes 0.15" in from the edges.
== See also ==
* [[:File:cgs42holeguide.zip|CGS42 panel hole drilling guide, print at 300dpi.]]
* [[CatGirl_Synth#The_CGS_modules|The CGS modules]]
* [[CGS parts FAQ]]
== References ==
* ''[https://web.archive.org/web/20180209234737fw_/http://www.CGS.synth.net:80/modules/CGS42_cv_adapter.html Gate Sequencer CV Adapter for music synthesizers.]'' (archived) by Ken Stone, 2001, with permission of the author
== External links ==
* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/cgs_synth CGS Synth discussion group], for discussion of locating parts, modifications and corrections etc.
[[Category:CGS modular]]

Revision as of 07:32, 7 July 2019