CGS negative slew
CGS82 the CGS negative slew module is a variation on the 1973 Classic Serge Negative Slew module. It is a forerunner to the popular Serge dual universal slope generator. It is presented here for those who want to build themselves a classic Serge. There are two Negative Slew modules on the PCB. It can be used as both a falling slew rate controller, or a downwards sloping ramp LFO by hooking the pulse out into the input.
From a 1970s catalog: The DUAL NEGATIVE SLEW (NEG) is one of the unique multi-functional patch-programmable modules in the Serge system. The module features two independent sections with wide range voltage controllable slew rates. The slew is active in the negative direction only and can be patched to perform a number of synthesizer functions. With the Pulse output applied to the input, the module will regenerate for use as a voltage controlled sawtooth oscillator or pulse generator. An audio signal applied to the input will be envelope detected, and the complex envelope will be available at the output. If a pulse is applied to the input, the unit will function as an envelope generator with a fast rise time and a voltage controlled fall time.
The module will work on +/-12 volts or +/-15 volts.
A little on how it works
Before you start assembly, check the board for etching faults. Look for any shorts between tracks, or open circuits due to over etching. Take this opportunity to sand the edges of the board if needed, removing any splinters or rough edges.
When you are happy with the printed circuit board, construction can proceed as normal, starting with low profile components such as resistors and diodes first, followed by successively taller components.
Take particular care with the orientation of the polarized components, such as ICs, electrolytics, diodes, and transistors.
When inserting the ICs in their sockets, if used, take care not to accidentally bend any of the pins under the chip. Also, make sure the notch on the chip is aligned with the notch marked on the PCB overlay.
Any general purpose NPN silicon transistors should work in this circuit. Take care with your connections, as some have reversed pin outs to the BC547.
Traditionally, this design uses an additional 6V power rail. While a pad(Y) is provided, there is no need to connect 6 volts to it, as there is a simple transistor regulator on board. If replacing an existing board in a vintage Serge, you may wish to use the existing 6V rail instead of the inboard regulator.
The unit will run on either +/-12 volts or +/-15 volts. The "6 volt" rail will rise to about 7.5 volts when running on +/-15 volts. This is not a problem. Just bear it in mind if you need to do any fault finding.
There are emitter follower based LED drivers provided. Due to voltage drops in the drivers and the LEDs themselves, they will drop out part way through each cycle.
|D||Pulse Out 1|
|H||Pulse Out 2|
|I||0V connection (not used)|
|LA||LED anode (x2)|
|LK||LED cathode (x2)|
|U||0V connection (not used)|
|W||0V power connection|
|X||+12V power connection|
|Y||Not used. (+6V power connection if internal regulator is not used.)|
|Z||12V power connection|
Each slew unit has a trimmer that affects the rate. Use it to set the rates to the range you want, or to standardize your center frequency.
This is a guide only. Parts needed will vary with individual constructor's needs.
|100n (0.1) decoupling caps||4|
|100k (or 20-25k) trimmer||2|
|BC547 or sim||3|
|CA3086 or CA3046||2|
|MC3401 or LM3900||2|
|Ferrite bead (or 10R resistor)||2|
|0.156 4 pin connector||1|
|CGS82 VER1.0 PCB||1|
- 330R refers to 330 Ohms. 100 nF = 0.1 uF.
- PCB is 6" x 2" with 3mm mounting holes 0.15" in from the edges.
Readers are permitted to construct these circuits for their own personal use only. Ken Stone retains all rights to his work.
- Negative Slew for music synthesizers. (archived) by Ken Stone, 2011, with permission of the author
- CGS82 BOM at BOMpiler
- CGS Synth discussion group, for discussion of locating parts, modifications and corrections etc.
- CGS82 Negative Slew, revision 1, Elby Designs