Circuit bending

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Circuit bending is experimentation in which various short-circuits are created in an attempt to alter the audio behavior of low-voltage audio toys.[1] The technique is most commonly associated with experimental and noise music.


  1. ^ Circuit bending by Reed Ghazala

Further reading

  • Circuit-Bending : Build Your Own Alien Instruments, Reed Ghazala, ISBN 0-7645-8887-7
  • Handmade Electronic Music: The Art of Hardware Hacking, by Nicolas Collins, Routledge, 2nd ed., 2009, ISBN 0-415-99873-5

External links